Collectors – definition of Collectors by The Free Dictionary
Did you see word on the library’s website that confused you? Use this guide to find words commonly used in the library. Is there a word you found on the library’s website that doesn’t appear in this glossary? Contact Christal Young for help or to have the term added to this list. Click on the letters below to jump to that section of the alphabet:. Abstract: “A summary or brief description of the content of another longer work. An abstract is often provided along with the citation to a work.
Almanac: ” 1. A collection, usually annual, defjnition statistics and facts, both current and retrospective. May be broad in geographical and subject coverage, or limited to a particular country or state or to a special subject. An annual containing miscellaneous matter, such as a calendar, a list of astronomical events, planting tables, astrological predictions, and anecdotes” Definition from Yale University Library.
Annotation: ” 1. A note that describes, explains, book collector definition free evaluates; especially such a note added to an entry in a bibliography, reading list, or catalog. Process of making such notes. Annotation is the end product of making such notes. Archives: ” 1. A space which houses historical or public records. Нажмите чтобы узнать больше historical or public records themselves, which are generally non-circulating materials such as collections of personal papers, rare books, ephemera, etc.
Article: “A brief work—generally between 1 and 35 pages in length—on a topic. Often published as part colector a journal, magazine, or newspaper. Atlas: “A book or bound collection of maps, illustrations, etc. Attachment: “A separate file e. Authentication: “A security process microsoft visio step by pdf free typically employs usernames and passwords to validate the identity of users before allowing them access to certain information. Author: “The person s or organization s that wrote or compiled a document.
Looking for information under its author’s name is one option in searching. Back to the top. Bibliography: “A list containing citations to the resources used in writing a research paper or other document. Book: “A relatively lengthy work, often on a single topic. May be print or electronic.
Book stacks: “Shelves in the library where materials—typically books—are stored. Books in the book stacks are normally arranged by call number. Browser: “A software program that enables users to access Internet resources. Catalog “A database either online or on paper cards listing and describing the books, journals, government documents, audiovisual and other materials held by a library.
Various search terms allow you to look for items in the catalog. CD “An abbreviation for compact disc; it is used for storing digital information. Chat “The ability to communicate with others, computer to computer, via typed messages.
Check-out periods vary by library. Items are checked out at the circulation desk. Circulation desk: “The place in the library where you check outrenewand colelctor library materials. You may also place a holdreport an item missing from the shelves, or pay late fees or fines there. Citation “A reference to a book, magazine or journal article, or other work containing all the information necessary to identify and locate that work. A citation to a book thus dree its author’s name, title, publisher and place of publication, and date of publication.
Controlled vocabulary: “Standardized terms used in searching a specific database. Course reserve: “A selection of ffree, articles, videotapes, or dedinition materials that instructors want students to read or view for a particular course. Print reserve materials are vollector kept in one area of the library and circulate for only book collector definition free short period of time.
Database: “A collection of information stored in an electronic format that can be searched by a computer. Descriptor “A word that describes the subject of an article or book; used in many computer databases. Dial-up: “A device using telephone lines that allows a computer to access the Internet or two computers to communicate.
Dissertation: “An extended written treatment of a subject like a book submitted by a graduate student as a requirement book collector definition free a doctorate. Document delivery – A service that retrieves or photocopies book collector definition free sources for library users. Download: ” 1. To transfer information from collecttor computer to a program or storage device to be book collector definition free at a later date.
To transfer information from one computer to another computer using a modem. E-book or Electronic book : “An electronic version of a book that can be read on a computer or mobile device.
Editor: “A person or group responsible for compiling the writings of others into a single information /22984.txt. Looking for information under its editor’s name deifnition one option in searching. Electronic reserve book collector definition free E-reserve : “An electronic version of a course reserve that is read on a computer display screen.
Encyclopedia: “A work containing information on all branches of book collector definition free or treating comprehensively a particular branch of knowledge such as history or chemistry. Often has entries or articles arranged alphabetically. Full-text: “A complete electronic copy of a resource, usually an article, viewed on a computer display book collector definition free. The term “full-text” is often used to refer to the electronic version of an article or book that is also published in print.
Glossary: “An alphabetical list of terms specialized to a field of knowledge with definitions or explanations. Hardware: “The physical and electronic components of a computer system, such as the monitor, keyboard and mouse. Hardware works in conjunction with software. Hold: “A request by a user to a book collector definition free that a book checked out to another person be saved for that user when it is returned.
Holdings: “The materials owned by a library. Hyperlink: “An image or a portion of text which a Web user can click to jump to another document or page on the Web. Textual hyperlinks are often underlined and appear as a different color than the majority of the text on a Web page. Icon: “A small symbol on a computer screen that represents a computer operation or data file.
Index: ” 1. A list of names book collector definition free topics—usually found at the end of a publication—that directs you to the pages where those names or topics are discussed within book collector definition free publication. A printed or electronic publication that provides references to periodical articles or books by their subject, author, or other search terms.
Instant Messaging IM : xollector Internet-based service allowing real-time, text communication between two or more users. Instant messaging is also known as chat, especially when more than two people book collector definition free communicating. Interlibrary Loan ILL : “A service that allows you to borrow materials from other libraries through your own library. Internet: “A worldwide network of computer book collector definition free that allows for the transmission and exchange of files.
The World Wide Web is part of the Internet. Journal: “A publication, issued coklector a regular basis, which contains scholarly research published as articles, papers, research reports, or technical reports. Journal title: “The name of a journal. Journal title is one common search term. Keyword: “A significant or memorable word or term in the title, abstract, or text collecror an information resource that indicates its subject and is often used as a search term.
Known Book collector definition free Search: “A search for an item or article when you have some or all of the citation information. Limiting options vary by book collector definition free, but common options include limiting results to materials available full-text in the database, to scholarly publications, to materials written in a particular language, to materials available in a particular dfinition, or to materials published at a specific time.
Link: See Hyperlink. Loan Desk : See Circulation desk. Magazine: “A publication, issued on a regular basis, containing popular articles, written and illustrated in a less technical manner than the articles found in a journal. Mouse: “A device that allows the user to move and click the cursor on a computer screen for different functions.
Multimedia: “Any information resource that presents information using more than one media print, picture, audio, or video. Newspaper: “A publication containing information about varied topics that are pertinent to general information, a geographic area, or a specific subject matter i.
Often published daily. Online Public Access Catalog OPAC : “A computerized database that can be searched in various ways—such as by keyword, author, title, subject, or call number—to find out what resources a library owns. If a book or other library item is located at another location, you can page, or “summon” the deefinition to be sent to your location.
This generally takes one business day. For more information definiion paging from Grand, book collector definition free here. An acronym for P ortable D ocument F ormat. Peer review helps to ensure the quality of an information source by publishing only works of proven validity, methodology, and quality. Peer-reviewed journals are also called refereed or scholarly journals. Periodical: “An information source published in multiple parts at regular intervals daily, weekly, monthly, biannually.
Journalsmagazinesand newspapers are all periodicals.
– Dictionary by Merriam-Webster: America’s most-trusted online dictionary
Book collecting is the collecting of booksincluding seeking, locating, acquiring, organizing, cataloging, displaying, storing, and maintaining whatever books are of interest to a given collector. The definitiom of books is bibliophiliaand someone who loves to read, admire, and a person who collects books is often called a bibliophile but can also be known as an bibliolater windows 10 computer configuration policies download, meaning being overly devoted to books, or a bookman which is another term for a person who has a love of books.
Book collecting can be easy and inexpensive: there are millions of new and used books which book collector definition free available in brick and mortar bookstores as well as online bookstores.
And there are independent booksellers that can be found online by searching key words such as: books, books for sale, bookseller, bookstore, rare books, collectibles, etc.
Books traditionally were only printed on paper and then pages were bound together; however, in the past decade or so, books are also available in audio format through websites such as Audible, Google Audiobooks, Librivox, Kobo Audiobooks, and Downpour.
Users of these sites book collector definition free purchase a large library of books that they can access at any time using a phone, defiintion, or computer. Just like hard copy books, audio books can be accumulated over many years.
Wealthy book collectors pursue rarities such as the Gutenberg Bibleand Shakespeare’s First Foliodefinitoon which are both famous book collector definition free extremely valuable.
Collectors of lesser means may collect works by a favorite author, first editions of modern authors, or books of a certain genre. Some collectors join associations ocllector as The Fine Press Book Associationbook collector definition free is aimed at collectors of modern fine printing.
The Private Libraries Association also covers modern fine printing, but is much more general in its outlook. In the ancient world, papyri and scrolls the precursors of the book in codex form were collected by both institutions and private individuals. In surviving accounts there are references defiintion bibliophile book collectors in that era. Xenophon wrote disparagingly of a man who tried to collect more books than his friends. In the English bishop Richard de Bury wrote The Philobiblondefonition book collector definition free he praised the love and ocllector of books.
With the advent of the printing press invented by Book collector definition free Gutenberg in the 15th century, which resulted in cheaper and more abundant посмотреть еще, and with the contemporaneous economic, social and political changes of the Renaissancebook collecting received a great impetus.
Jean Grolierthe Treasurer-General of France, was an important bibliophile and book collector of this period. He was a patron of the Aldine Press that had been founded by the prominent Renaissance printer, typographer, editor and publisher Aldus Manutius the Elder. During the Reformation на этой странице monastic libraries were broken up, and their contents often destroyed.
The commissioners of Edward VI plundered and stripped universitycollegeand monastic libraries; so to save books from being destroyed, those who could, such as Archbishop Matthew Parker and Sir Robert Cottonbegan to collect them. By the late 17th century, millions of printed books were in circulation and auctions devoted to books began to occur and printed catalogues devoted to books began to be issued by book dealers and by auction houses in Europe and America, leading to a growing popularity of book collecting with the increasingly literate public.
With the advent of the Romantic era in the 18th century and its focus on узнать больше past, book collector definition free collectors began to show an interest in old books, antiquarian book collector definition free and manuscripts. This new emphasis was nourished by the flood of old books onto the market following the dissolution of monastic and aristocratic libraries during the Book collector definition free Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars.
Strengths of his collection book collector definition free first editions of the classics; works produced by important early presses, and notably an almost complete collection of Aldine editions ; and many Bibles. Sir Thomas Phillipps collected 40, printed books and 60, manuscripts. The increasingly definitiom United States during the 19th century saw the appearance of “titan” book collectors such as the railroad magnate Henry Huntington and the financier and banker J.
Pierpont Morgan. Book prices generally depend on the demand for a given book, the number of copies available for purchase, and the condition of a given copy. As with other collectibles, prices rise and fall with the popularity of a given author, title, or subject.
Because of the definitiob number of books for sale and the constant changing marketplace of editions available, there is no single comprehensive price guide for collectible books. The prices of the copies listed for sale at the online bookseller sites provide some indication of their current market values.
Both of these religious texts were sold in As with other collectibles, the value of a book collector definition free ultimately depends on its physical condition.
Years of handling, moving, and storage take their toll on the dust jacketcover, pages, and binding. Books are book collector definition free to damage from sunlight, moisture, and insects. Перейти from the paper making process can cause the pages to develop brown spots, called foxing ; gradually turn brown, called tanning ; and ultimately crumble. A book in good condition should colector a rectangular solid when at rest, whether upright or on its back, with the covers at right angles to the spine.
If a book is out of square, usually from resting crooked on a shelf, or leans to the right or left when on its back, it is cockedor shelf-cocked. Book collector definition free the covers bend in or flare out, usually from rapid humidity changes, a book is bowed bent like a drawn bow. Thick hardbound books also tend book collector definition free have their pages sag downward in the middle even if they are sitting level on a shelf.
New books are readily available from bookstores and online. Out-of-print, used, antiquarian, rare and collectible books are available in specialty bookstores both in person and online. Large online booksellers such as AbebooksAlibrisAmazonand Bibliolist inventory from other stores and collectors charging them a monthly fee and commission charges.
Smaller online rare book stores can be found by doing a general search engine inquiry using keywords such as: rare books, collectible books, rare collectibles, out of print books for sales. Antique and перейти на страницу stores may have books for sale as well.
Major auction houses auction off rare and collectible books; some local book collector definition free houses sell rare books by the carton. Other sources can include estate, yard, garage, or windows 10 bit iso usb free sales; and charity fund-raisers. Antiquarian book collecting may be roughly defined as download browser windows 10 interest in books printed prior to and can encompass interest in book collector definition free, 18th, 17th, 16th, and 15th-century books.
Antiquarian book collectors are not exclusively interested in first editions and first printings, although they can be. European books created before are all hand-written and are therefore one-of-a-kind historical artifacts in which book collector definition free idea of “edition” and “printing” is irrelevant. Any book printed up to the year is known as an incunable or incunabulum.
Such books command a premium and are particularly sought after by collectors interested in the history of printing. For example, bolk first edition of Paradise Lost by John Milton can fetch equivalent to a down payment on a house. Colleftor, the first illustrated folio edition oftechnically a later edition, is worth a fraction of the first edition, but still fetches in the thousands of dollars as an illustrated book from the era in which Milton lived.
The first edition book collector definition free is worth a small fortune whereas fdee later 18th-century editions are a lot less expensive but still garner book collector definition free prices.
The John Ogilby 17th-century translations of Homer ‘s The Book collector definition free and The Odyssey garner hefty prices, but not as much as the first edition of the Pope translation. This may be in part due book collector definition free a significant number of copies of Ogilby’s first edition that probably perished in the Great Fire of London of The first English movable-type printer was Caxton in the late 15th century.
Editions of his books from the 15th century are very rare. Occasionally, 16th-century editions similar to Caxton’s books appear among antiquarian book dealers and auctions, often vollector very high book collector definition free. For the antiquarian collector, how a particular book’s production fits into a larger historical context can be as important as the edition, even if it may not be a first edition.
Also of interest are books previously owned by famous persons, or personages of high stature, such as someone from royalty or the nobility. Tracing the history of an antiquarian book’s possession history, referred to as book collector definition free provenance “, can markedly affect the value of a copy, even if it is not desirable colllector se.
Bolk example, a copy of a less-important 18th-century book known to have been owned by Voltaire would achieve a value many times its stand-alone market value, simply because it was once in Voltaire’s possession. Previous owners of books often signed their copies or labelled them with bookplatesand it is often not difficult to identify frwe prominent previous owner if the provenance is well documented.
Books owned by well-known individuals that also have a connection with the author often as a gift from the author with a written dedication to the recipient are known as Association copies. The American School Library is an book collector definition free of a very rare multi-volume boxed set with works by many popular or famous authors. The history of book collecting in China dates back over book collector definition free millennia.
An important effort to collect books in China was made during the early Han Definitioj by the government, as many important books were burned during the Qin Dynasty. From then on, book collecting began to flourish in China, particularly after the invention of block printing during the early Tang Dynastywith both imperial and private collections blooming throughout the country.
Book collector definition free, the systematic study of book collecting began only during the Qing Dynasty. Virtual book collecting can be described as collecting books in a digital format virtually on a computer or other electronic device. A bibliophile may acquire ebooks by downloading them or copying from borrowed media, such as CDs and DVDs. However, this may violate copyright law, depending on the license under which the ebook was released. Ebooks acquired from Project Gutenberg and many similar free collections cause no violation as they have gone out of copyright, have been released under a Creative Commons licenseor else are in the public domain.
For more modern accounts, see the series of books on book-collectors, book-collecting and “bibliomania” by Nicholas A. Basbanes :. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Activity of collecting books. For the journal, see The Book Collector. Further information: List of used book conditions. Horblit  Arthur A. Houghton, Jr. Lilly, Jr. Rosenwald Ellen G. Stone Thomas W. Retrieved Seuss Books”. Retrieved 14 November Emory University. ProQuest Dissertations and Dfinition, p. Retrieved 15 November Retrieved 12 March Retrieved 13 March Retrieved 27 Book collector definition free AbeBooks Inc.
Retrieved 13 August Retrieved 7 November The Smithsonian book of books 1.